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New Report

China’s Hongmu Consumption Boom

Analysis of the Chinese Rosewood Trade and Links to Illegal Activity in Tropical Forested Countries

WASHINGTON, DC (December 17, 2015) | China’s demand for rosewood – used for classical Chinesestyle furniture and décor – is threatening some of the world’s most valuable and endangered old-growth forests. Chinese furniture manufacturers’ imports of several species of rosewood, collectively known as hongmu, have soared at an unprecedented rate since 2010 and hit an all-time high in 2014, according to China’s customs data and reported in a new study by Forest Trends, an international non-profit organization. This trade is fueling illegal harvesting of rosewood in the last remaining forests of Southeast Asia and, increasingly, Africa.    

As the largest global consumer of rosewood, China has seen the volume of its imports increase 1,250 percent since 2000. From 2013 to 2014 alone, the value of these imported rosewood nearly doubled, reaching US$2.6 billion.


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Supplemental Materials

Figure. Comparison of China’s Rosewood Log and Sawnwood Imports and Rosewood Furniture Exports

Hongmu Consumption Figure 1






Related Resources

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Case Studies of Rosewood and Okoumé
The Socio-Economic Context of Illegal Logging and Trade of Rosewood Along the Cambodian-Lao Border
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EVENT! Proceedings of the International Workshop on Promoting Legal and Sustainable Trade and Investment of Forest Products
Name: China’s Hongmu Consumption Boom
Date published: Publisher: Forest Trends

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