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Phuc Xuan To et al.

Forest Policy, Trade, and Finance » Forest Policy, Trade, and Finance Publications

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UNFCCC Submission Regarding Views on APA Item 6 NEW!

UNFCCC Submission Regarding Views on APA Item 6

Views Regarding the Role of the Land Sector and its Potential for Enhanced Action, including Intact Forest Landscapes

Joint Submission by the Center for Carbon Removal, Conservation International, Environmental Defense Fund, Forest Trends, National Wildlife Federation, Natural Resources Defense Council, The Nature Conservancy, Rainforest Alliance, Wildlife Conservation Society, and the Woods Hole Research Center,...

The Regulatory Imperative NEW!

The Regulatory Imperative

Policy Lessons from the Lao Rubber Sector for Supporting Smallholder Livelihoods and Land Tenure

Michael Dwyer, Naomi Basik Treanor - Mekong Region Land Governance Project, Forest Trends - May 2017

This Information Brief is based on one of the first research efforts on the fall in rubber prices of the last five years and its implications for the Lao rubber boom beginning in the 2000s. Findings from this study are now being used as part of Forest Trends’ ongoing research and policy dialogue...

Impacts of the Laos Log and Sawnwood Export Bans

Impacts of the Laos Log and Sawnwood Export Bans

Phuc Xuan To, Naomi Basik Treanor, Kerstin Canby - Forest Trends - April 2017

In May 2016, the Government of Lao PDR enacted a Prime Ministerial Order (PM15) which, along with other commitments, aimed to help control the country’s high deforestation rates and promote Laos’ own domestic wood product industry by banning the export of all logs and sawnwood. This followed a...

Laos Log and Sawnwood Export Ban

Laos Log and Sawnwood Export Ban

Impacts on the Vietnam-Laos Timber Trade

Phuc Xuan To, Kerstin Canby - Forest Trends - March 2017

In May 2016, the Government of Lao PDR enacted a Prime Ministerial Order (PM15) to ban the export of logs and sawnwood, with the express aim to help control the country’s high deforestation rates and boost Laos’ domestic wood production industry. As a result of PM15, the Vietnamese timber industry...

European, US, and Australian Markets Are Still Importing Logs from Countries with Full or Partial Log Export Bans

European, US, and Australian Markets Are Still Importing Logs from Countries with Full or Partial Log Export Bans

Brian Schaap - Forest Trends - February 2017

Over the past several decades, more than 30 countries have enacted policies to restrict or prohibit the export of raw logs. Yet companies around the world have been importing logs from these countries – indicating a risk of illegal import. In Europe, the USA, and Australia, trade regulations...

National Governance Indicators

National Governance Indicators

Relevance for the Regulation of the Trade in Illegal Timber

Marigold Norman, Jade Saunders, Kerstin Canby - Forest Trends - January 2017

This paper builds on the use of national governance indicators to develop a new relative governance ranking. The relative governance ranking seeks to provide an entry point for buyers of timber products, particularly those in regulated markets such as the EU and USA, who wish to undertake a...

Vietnam's Imports of Cambodian Logs and Sawnwood from Natural Forests: 2013-2015

Vietnam's Imports of Cambodian Logs and Sawnwood from Natural Forests: 2013-2015

This report analyzes the trade of logs and sawnwood from natural forests imported from Cambodia to Vietnam between 2013 and 2015, publishing detailed statistics provided by the General Department of Vietnam Customs for the first time....

The Evolution of Forest Finance in Five African Countries

The Evolution of Forest Finance in Five African Countries

Lessons Learned from the REDDX Initiative in Africa

In an effort to better understand continent-wide patterns of REDD+ finance, this study has built off of the initial five years of the work of Forest Trends’ REDDX initiative through focused stakeholder meetings, distribution of questionnaires, and review of literature and available documents to...

Ecuador: Financing for REDD+ and Other Forms of Land Use

Ecuador: Financing for REDD+ and Other Forms of Land Use

A REDDX Information Brief

The Paris Agreement (PA) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), adopted on December 12, 2015, marked an important milestone in international climate negotiations and the role of forests and land use. The Paris Agreement is a turning point to formally encourage the...

The Geography of REDD+ Finance

The Geography of REDD+ Finance

Deforestation, Emissions, and the Targeting of Forest Conservation Finance

Michael Wolosin, Jessica Breitfeller, Brian Schaap - Forest Climate Analytics, Forest Trends - August 2016

The recent Paris Climate Agreement, reached at COP 21 in December 2015, marked the culmination of ten years of negotiations concerning the integration of tropical forest conservation within a global climate regime. First placed on the agenda of the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on...

Colombia: Seguimiento al Financiamiento para REDD+ Período 2009–2014

Colombia: Seguimiento al Financiamiento para REDD+ Período 2009–2014

Roberto Gómez, Michelle Hernandez - Fundación Natura Colombia - July 2016

Colombia es uno de los 13 países que participan en la iniciativa “Seguimiento a la Financiación de REDD+ – REDDX,” con el fin de proporcionar transparencia entorno a los flujos financieros que se han comprometido para los programas de REDD+, proporcionando información que ayude a los gobiernos,...

México: Seguimiento al Financiamiento para REDD+ Período 2009–2014

México: Seguimiento al Financiamiento para REDD+ Período 2009–2014

Carlos Muñoz Piña, Jimena Ortega - July 2016

México ha sido un país activo en el tema de REDD+. Este reporte presenta datos actualizados al periodo 2009–2014, ofrece un panorama actualizado del contexto nacional REDD+ y recomendaciones para análisis del tema. Desde su implementación en México, la iniciativa REDDX ha identificado alrededor de...

Brexit, FLEGT, and the Timber Trade

Brexit, FLEGT, and the Timber Trade

Kerstin Canby, Jade Saunders - Forest Trends - June 2016

Last week the population of the UK voted in a referendum to leave the EU. The legal status of the referendum was “advisory,” and thus the UK Parliament must now vote on whether and how to trigger the 2-year process by which the UK can leave the EU. This process is described in Article 50 of the...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

Brexit, FLEGT, and the Timber Trade (CHIN)

Brexit, FLEGT, and the Timber Trade (CHIN)

Kerstin Canby, Jade Saunders - Forest Trends - July 2016
Brexit, FLEGT et le commerce du bois (FR)

Brexit, FLEGT et le commerce du bois (FR)

Kerstin Canby, Jade Saunders - Forest Trends - August 2016
Ghana - Mapping REDD+ Finance Flows 2009-2014

Ghana - Mapping REDD+ Finance Flows 2009-2014

Kwame Agyei, Rebecca Ashley Asare - NCRC - April 2016

REDDX was first launched in Ghana in early 2011 as an exploratory project, and since its first report in 2012 it has collected annual data and information on REDD+ financial flows spanning the past six years—2009 through 2014. The project, which is jointly implemented by the National REDD+...

Liberia: Mapping REDD+ Finance Flows 2009-2014

Liberia: Mapping REDD+ Finance Flows 2009-2014

Peter Gayflor Mulbah - Skills and Agricultural Development Services - April 2016

Forest Trends, Skills and Agricultural Development Services (SADS), and the Liberian Forestry Development Authority (FDA) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have been compiling information on the flows of finance for REDD+ activities as part of the international REDD+ Expenditures Tracking...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

Linking Flight and Forests

Linking Flight and Forests

The Essential Role of Forests in Supporting Global Aviation’s Response to Climate Change

This briefing paper highlights the vital role forests can play in fighting climate change and recommends that countries include REDD+, a policy framework for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, as a means for the international aviation sector to meet its commitments to cap...

Democractic Republic of Congo: Mapping REDD+ Finance Flows 2009-2014

Democractic Republic of Congo: Mapping REDD+ Finance Flows 2009-2014

Godéliève Konunga Mbot’ekola, Baudouin Michel - The Regional Post-graduate Training School on Integrated Management of Tropical Forest and Lands (ERAIFT) - April 2016

The Democratic Republic of Congo is one of thirteen countries participating in the global REDDX initiative which tracks REDD+ finance from donors through international recipients and intermediary organizations to in-country recipients and ultimately to REDD+ projects on the ground. This report...

China’s Logging Ban in Natural Forests

China’s Logging Ban in Natural Forests

Impacts of Extended Policy at Home and Abroad

Xiufang Sun, Kerstin Canby, Lijun Liu - Forest Trends - March 2016

This Information Brief explores some of the anticipated economic and ecological implications of the forthcoming expansion of restrictions on commercial logging in China’s natural forests....

Ecuador: Seguimiento al Financiamiento para REDD+ Período 2013–2014

Ecuador: Seguimiento al Financiamiento para REDD+ Período 2013–2014

Kevin Moull, Jacob Olander - EcoDesición - February 2016

Como parte del proyecto internacional de Seguimiento al Financiamiento para REDD (REDDX), Forest Trends y EcoDecisión desde el año 2012 han recopilado información sobre los flujos financieros para las actividades REDD+ en Ecuador. Basado en estudios detallados y entrevistas con las principales...

Perú: Seguimiento al Financiamiento para REDD+ Período 2009–2014

Perú: Seguimiento al Financiamiento para REDD+ Período 2009–2014

Manuel Carbajal Gutiérrez - Programa Forestal, Sociedad Peruana de Derecho Ambiental - February 2016

En el Perú, existen varios proyectos e iniciativas relacionados con el mecanismo de reducción de emisiones por deforestación y degradación forestal (REDD+). La iniciativa REDDX de Forest Trends logró identificar a varias organizaciones de la sociedad civil y empresas que han estado implementando...

Tanzania: Mapping REDD+ Finance Flows 2009-2014

Tanzania: Mapping REDD+ Finance Flows 2009-2014

Erneus Kaijage, George Kafumu - Forest Trends, United Republic of Tanzania - February 2016

This report presents the findings of the second and third rounds of REDD+ finance tracking in Tanzania for the period 2009–2014 under the Forest Trends REDDX initiative. The first and second rounds of REDD+ finance tracking were conducted for the period of 2009–2012 and 2009–2013; this report...

China’s Hongmu Consumption Boom

China’s Hongmu Consumption Boom

Analysis of the Chinese Rosewood Trade and Links to Illegal Activity in Tropical Forested Countries

Naomi Basik Treanor - Forest Trends - December 2015

China’s demand for rosewood – used for classical Chinesestyle furniture and décor – is threatening some of the world’s most valuable and endangered old-growth forests. Chinese furniture manufacturers’ imports of several species of rosewood, collectively known as hongmu, have soared at an...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

REDD+ Finance Flows 2009-2014

REDD+ Finance Flows 2009-2014

Trends and Lessons Learned in REDDX Countries

Gustavo Silva-Chávez, Brian Schaap, Jessica Breitfeller - Ecosystem Marketplace - November 2015

11 November 2015 | WASHINGTON, D.C. | Forest Trends, a non-profit organization that tracks global forest developments, today released the most comprehensive analysis to date of the United Nations’ program for protecting forests and generating forest conservation finance. The study follows the...

Titling Ancestral Territories in the Honduran Muskitia

Titling Ancestral Territories in the Honduran Muskitia

Exploring the Implications for the Country’s Indigenous Peoples

Filippo Del Gatto - Forest Trends - August 2015

The Muskitia region in the easternmost part of Honduras is undergoing an unprecedented change in land titling. Indigenous people who have been occupying this area are receiving titles to the land, and at the end of this process, the indigenous territorial space in northeastern Honduras could cover...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

Conversion Timber, Forest Monitoring, and Land-Use Governance in Cambodia

Conversion Timber, Forest Monitoring, and Land-Use Governance in Cambodia

- Forest Trends - July 2015

In Cambodia, selective logging of official forest concessions has effectively been suspended, while the area of forestland allocated to large-scale agri-industrial plantations has increased rapidly since mid-2004. Research indicates that the main source of wood harvested in Cambodia is 1)...

Commercial Agriculture Expansion in Myanmar: Links to Deforestation, Conversion Timber, and Land Conflicts

Commercial Agriculture Expansion in Myanmar: Links to Deforestation, Conversion Timber, and Land Conflicts

Kevin Woods - March 2015

In Myanmar, the clearing of forests to make way for the expansion of commercial agricultural fields is increasingly the leading driver of deforestation, alongside legal and illegal logging. This conversion is now taking place at an unprecedented rate and the government is encouraging increasing...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

Vietnam’s Wood Villages

Vietnam’s Wood Villages

Relevance for FLEGT and REDD+

Phuc Xuan To - March 2015

This Information Brief summarizes results from a 2012 field study on Vietnamese wood villages and discusses implications for FLEGT and REDD+. The brief is a summary of a full report available in Vietnamese which was written by Tô Xuân Phúc, Nguyễn Tôn Quyền, Lê Duy Phương, Cao...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

Vietnam's Small-Scale Sawmills in the Context of the FLEGT-VPA

Vietnam's Small-Scale Sawmills in the Context of the FLEGT-VPA

Quang Viet Dang - Forest Trends - March 2015

This Information Brief and its underlying research were financed by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) and the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD) and the German Federal Enterprise for International Cooperation (GIZ). ...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

Xưởng Xẻ Gỗ Hộ Gia Đình Trong Bối Cảnh FLEGT-VPA

Xưởng Xẻ Gỗ Hộ Gia Đình Trong Bối Cảnh FLEGT-VPA

Đặng Việt Quang, Quách Hồng Nhung, Phạm Đức Thiềng, Nguyễn Thanh Tùng, Cao Thị Cẩm - Forest Trends, GIZ - February 2015
Vietnam's Wood Chip Industry

Vietnam's Wood Chip Industry

Status of the Sector in 2012 and Challenges for Future Development

Phuc Xuan To - Forest Trends - March 2015

This Information Brief analyzes Vietnam's rapidly growing wood chip sector and discusses challenges for its development. The brief is a summary of a full report available in Vietnamese which was written by Tran Le Huy and To Xuan Phuc. ...

Indonesia's Legal Timber Supply Gap and Implications for Expansion of Milling Capacity

Indonesia's Legal Timber Supply Gap and Implications for Expansion of Milling Capacity

A Review of the "Road Map for the Revitalization of the Forest Industry, Phase 1

In 2007, the Indonesian Ministry of Forestry (MoF) developed a Road Map for the Revitalization of the Forest Industry that aimed, in part, to tackle the sector’s two major problems: 1) an insufficient supply of raw material; and, 2) an over-capacity in processing. As the first phase (2007-2014) of...

Forest Land Allocation in the Context of Forestry Sector Restructuring: Opportunities for Forestry Development and Upland Livelihood Impact

Forest Land Allocation in the Context of Forestry Sector Restructuring: Opportunities for Forestry Development and Upland Livelihood Impact

To Xuan Phuc, Tran Huu Nghi - Forest Trends, Tropenbos International Viet Nam - January 2015

Though Vietnam’s Forest Land Allocation (FLA) policies have been in effect for more than a decade, a systematic assessment of FLA impacts on forest resources and the livelihoods of forest-dependent communities has never been carried out. This report shows that forest land allocated to households...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

Giao đất giao rừng trong bối cảnh tái cơ cấu ngành lâm nghiệp: Cơ hội phát triển rừng và cải thiện sinh kế vùng cao

Giao đất giao rừng trong bối cảnh tái cơ cấu ngành lâm nghiệp: Cơ hội phát triển rừng và cải thiện sinh kế vùng cao

Tô Xuân Phúc, Trần Hữu Nghị - Forest Trends, Tropenbos International Viet Nam - January 2015
Analysis of the China-Myanmar Trade

Analysis of the China-Myanmar Trade

Eve Richer - Forest Trends - December 2014

This policy brief analyzes recent trends in the timber products trade between China and Myanmar, using Chinese customs data from 2000 through 2013. Timber is one of the primary commodities traded between the two countries, providing significant revenue to Myanmar’s central government and ethnic...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

Analysis of the China-Myanmar Trade

Analysis of the China-Myanmar Trade: Chinese Translation

Eve Richer - Forest Trends - December 2014
Analysis of the China-Myanmar Trade

Analysis of the China-Myanmar Trade: (Burmese Translation)

Eve Richer - Forest Trends - December 2014
Landscape Transformations in Honduras

Landscape Transformations in Honduras

Exploring the Country’s New Forest and Land Cover Map and its Policy Implications for REDD+ and FLEGT-VPA

Filippo Del Gatto - Forest Trends - December 2014

Honduras’ rural landscapes are undergoing profound transformations. Using the launch of the country’s new Forest and Land Cover Map as a starting point, this Information Brief examines the nature of these dynamics, focusing on the way migration and cash transfers from Hondurans abroad influence...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

Tracking REDD+ Finance

Tracking REDD+ Finance

2009-2012 - Finance Flows in Seven REDD+ Countries

Kerstin Canby, Gustavo Silva-Chávez, Jessica Breitfeller, Christine Lanser, Marigold Norman, Brian Schaap - Forest Trends - November 2014

Between 2009 and 2012, REDDX tracked US$1.2 billion in REDD+ commitments and US$378 million in disbursements in seven tropical forest countries: Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, Ghana, Liberia, Tanzania, and Vietnam.

The Forest Trends REDD+ EXpenditures Tracking Initiative...

Consumer Goods and Deforestation

Consumer Goods and Deforestation

An Analysis of the Extent and Nature of Illegality in Forest Conversion for Agriculture and Timber Plantations

Sam Lawson - Forest Trends - September 2014

In recent years, it has become apparent that the most significant threat to the world’s remaining forests is conversion for commercial agriculture and other non-forest use. Agriculture alone accounts for over 70 percent of all deforestation across tropical and sub-tropical countries, along with...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

Rubber Expansion and Forest Protection in Vietnam

Rubber Expansion and Forest Protection in Vietnam

Phuc Xuan To, Huu Tran Nghi - Forest Trends - July 2014

This report provides in-depth analyses of the impacts of the expansion of rubber plantations in Vietnam, particularly in the Central Highland and Northwest Regions, which have experienced the most rapid rubber expansion in terms of area. The report also highlights the impacts of rubber plantation...

VIETNAM: Mapping REDD+ Finance Flows 2009-2012

VIETNAM: Mapping REDD+ Finance Flows 2009-2012

Nguyen thi Xuan Huong, Dang Viet Quang - July 2014

Forest cover in Vietnam is estimated at 13.8 million hectares—a number which has increased significantly since the 1990s, due to a recent surge in reforestation efforts leading to increases in plantation forest. Despite this, extensive deforestation and degradation remain, particularly along the...

MÉXICO: Seguimiento del Financiamiento para REDD+ 2009-2012

MÉXICO: Seguimiento del Financiamiento para REDD+ 2009-2012

Carlos Muñoz Piña, Jimena Ortega Flores - June 2014

México cuenta con 64.8 millones de hectáreas de bosques y selvas, aproximadamente un tercio de la superficie total del país.En México, REDD+ es sinónimo de desarrollo rural sustentable, un enfoque que permite alinear los incentivos del sector forestal con los de otros sectores que inciden en el...

Indonesia: Illegalities in Forest Clearance in Large-Scale Plantations

Indonesia: Illegalities in Forest Clearance in Large-Scale Plantations

Eric Wakker - Aidenvironment Asia - June 2014

This is the second in a series of case studies examining the nature, scale and extent of illegalities and irregularities in the process of forest clearance for large-scale agricultural estates and ranchlands, and the scale of the trade in commodities grown or reared on land illegally cleared of...

Forest Products Trade between China and Africa

Forest Products Trade between China and Africa

An Analysis of Import and Export Statistics

Xiufang Sun - April 2014

China's efforts to secure access to natural resources in Africa suggest that timber has already become an important traded commodity between China and the African continent. Many hold a general impression that Africa exports a significant and growing amount of timber to China. However, the true...

Chinese Overseas Investment in Forestry and Industries with High Impact on Forests

Chinese Overseas Investment in Forestry and Industries with High Impact on Forests

Official Guidelines and Credit Policies for Chinese Enterprises Operating and Investing Abroad

Duncan Brack - March 2014

This paper examines the evolving framework for outward FDI in relation to legal compliance and responsible implementation of overseas investment projects affecting forestry and forest areas....

Environmental Aspects of China's Papermaking Fiber Supply - Update

Environmental Aspects of China's Papermaking Fiber Supply - Update

Jeremy Williams - ArborVitae Environmental Services Ltd. - March 2014

In 2007, Forest Trends commissioned Brian Stafford of Brian Stafford & Associates Pty Ltd to provide an analysis of China’s paper making industry’s fiber supply. At that time, China accounted for over 50 percent of the world’s overall growth in paper and paperboard production. It was deemed...

Lessons Learned from Civil Society Efforts to Promote Community (Forest) Resource Rights and other Rights in Voluntary Partnership Agreements

Lessons Learned from Civil Society Efforts to Promote Community (Forest) Resource Rights and other Rights in Voluntary Partnership Agreements

Lindsay Duffield, Michael Richards - Forest Trends - January 2014

The 2003 European Union (EU) Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Action Plan represents an attempt to link forest governance reforms in timber producing countries with market incentives for legally produced timber. Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs) are bilateral trade...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

Tropical Hardwood Flows in China

Tropical Hardwood Flows in China

Case Studies of Rosewood and Okoumé

Huang Wenbin, Sun Xiufang - December 2013

Through two commodity chain case studies, this report describes and analyzes the complex tropical log product flows inside China. Two categories of tropical wood were selected: okoumé (Aucoumea klaineana), which mainly derives from Africa, and rosewood (or padauk as it is recorded in Chinese...

Potential Legality Issues from Forest Conversion Timber

Potential Legality Issues from Forest Conversion Timber

Daphne Hewitt - December 2013

This paper investigates whether there is evidence that timber generated during the conversion of natural forest areas to non-forest or plantation use in tropical and sub-tropical timber-producing countries could be a significant source of illegal timber entering markets. It asks two related...

Tackling Timber Regulations

Tackling Timber Regulations

A Guide for Myanmar

Over the past decade, several major timber product consumer countries have put into place new regulations aimed at curtailing the import of illegally sourced wood products. The United States pioneered this development by passing an amendment to the Lacey act in 2008. This move was followed by the...

Identifying Illegality in Timber from Forest Conversion

Identifying Illegality in Timber from Forest Conversion

A Review of Legality Definitions

Daphne Hewitt - December 2013

FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs) aim to verify and license legal timber for export to the EU in order to create a ‘market access’ incentive for legal operators and countries that wish to improve forest law enforcement and governance standards. Licensing is based on a Legality Assurance...

Treatment of Conversion Timber in Consumer-Country Measures

Treatment of Conversion Timber in Consumer-Country Measures

Duncan Brack - December 2013

Over the last decade, governments in timber-producing and timber-consuming countries have implemented a range of policies and measures aimed at improving forest governance and reducing illegal logging. Although these have had some impact, illegal logging clearly remains a significant problem....

Malaysia: Illegalities in Forest Clearance for Large-Scale Commercial Plantations

Malaysia: Illegalities in Forest Clearance for Large-Scale Commercial Plantations

Lim Teck Wyn - December 2013

This study focuses on large-scale commercial oil palm plantations, rubber plantations, timber plantations and pulpwood plantations but not small-scale subsistence agriculture. It reviews secondary sources, including published laws and regulations, government figures, company reports, NGO reports...

The Socio-Economic Context of Illegal Logging and Trade of Rosewood Along the Cambodian-Lao Border

The Socio-Economic Context of Illegal Logging and Trade of Rosewood Along the Cambodian-Lao Border

Dr. Sarinda Singh - November 2013

Siamese Rovsewood (Dalbergia cochinensis) has recently been listed on Appendix II of The Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). This listing means that source countries are legally required to export only controlled quantities of rosewood with close monitoring and...

Workshop Information and Agenda: Conversion of Forestlands to Rubber Plantations

Workshop Information and Agenda: Conversion of Forestlands to Rubber Plantations

Opportunities and Challenges

...

Ending Global Deforestation

Ending Global Deforestation

Policy Options for Consumer Countries

Duncan Brack, Rob Bailey - September 2013

Legal as well as illegal land clearance for agriculture is significant global driver of deforestation. Consumers and retailers are not able to identify the differences between imports of legal, illegal or unsustainable agricultural commodities produced on these lands. Efforts to tackle illegal...

Community Forestry in Honduras: A Path towards Better Governance

Community Forestry in Honduras: A Path towards Better Governance

Forest Trends Information Brief No. 8

Filippo Del Gatto - Forest Trends - September 2013

With the aim of better informing policy discussions about community forestry in Honduras, such as those that will be held in the context of the proposed Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA), this Information Brief explores the links between community forestry and local forest governance in the...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

The VPA in Honduras

The VPA in Honduras

An Opportunity to Take Forward the Forestry Reform Started with the 2007 Forestry Law

This Information Brief revises and updates a previous version of the same article that was published in February 2013. With the aim of supporting civil society engagement in the VPA process in Honduras, the brief describes some of the key forest governance challenges that the country faces as well...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

Combating Illegal Logging in Asia

Combating Illegal Logging in Asia

A Review of Progress and the Role of the Asia Forest Partnership 2002-2012

Robert B. Oberndorf - Forest Trends - April 2013

Forests in Asia play a critical role in providing a variety of services that millions of people depend upon for their livelihoods and social stability. They also contain most of the Asia-Pacific region’s terrestrial biodiversity. By the turn of the Millennium, the forests of the region,...

European Trade Flows and Risk

European Trade Flows and Risk

Rupert Oliver, Kerstin Canby - Forest Industries Intelligence Limited, Forest Trends - January 2013

Illegal logging, as defined in the EU Timber Regulation (EUTR), is the harvesting of timber in contravention of the laws and regulations of the country of harvest. Illegal logging is a global epidemic with significant negative economic, environmental and social impacts. Recent studies indicate that...

The Lao-Viet Timber Trade

The Lao-Viet Timber Trade

Current Practices and Strategies to Promote Sustainability

This article summarizes results of a workshop on the Lao-Viet timber trade held in December 2012 and hosted by the Quang Tri Peoples’ Committee, the Vietnam Timber and Forest Products Association (VIFORES) and Forest Trends....

Poverty Impact Assessment for Reducing Social Risks and Enhancing Pro-Poor Outcomes of Voluntary Partnership Agreements

Poverty Impact Assessment for Reducing Social Risks and Enhancing Pro-Poor Outcomes of Voluntary Partnership Agreements

Forest Trends Information Brief No. 4

Michael Richards - Forest Trends - October 2012

This Information Brief describes the role of poverty impact assessment in the context of Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs) between tropical timber-producing countries and the European Union. Ex ante poverty impact assessment can be a powerful tool for design, monitoring and adaptive...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

Forest Certification in Myanmar

Forest Certification in Myanmar

Forest Trends Information Brief No. 3

Kerstin Canby - Forest Trends - September 2012

The easing of diplomatic and financial sanctions on Myanmar has sparked western interest in investment and trade opportunities. Interest in the export of world famous “Burmese teak” has led buyers from the United States, Europe, Japan, and Australia to ask questions about whether logs or timber...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

REDD+ in Vietnam

REDD+ in Vietnam

Integrating National and Subnational Approaches

Phuc Xuan To, Robert O'Sullivan, Jacob Olander, Slayde Hawkins, Pham Quoc Hung, Noriyoshi Kitamura - Forest Trends, Climate Focus - September 2012

The international REDD+ community is still struggling with the question how a future REDD+ mechanism may be implemented in practice, both internationally under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and domestically within countries. There is a general consensus that...

Thailand

Thailand

Overview of Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade

Kevin Woods, Keith Barney, Kerstin Canby - University of California, Berkeley, York University, Forest Trends - June 2012

Thailand diverges from neighboring regional Mekong countries, with a decade or more experience of actively pursuing policies to combat domestic illegal logging and internal transportation. The 1989 logging ban, and the rise of grassroots social movements organizing around large-scale plantations...

Myanmar

Myanmar

Overview of Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade

Kevin Woords, Kerstin Canby - University of California, Berkeley, Forest Trends - May 2012

Myanmar remains one of the world’s only countries with no prohibitions on log exports. The country provides much coveted teak and other hardwood logs to the region and beyond. Sawn wood, and to a lesser extent finished wood products, contribute a relatively small amount to Myanmar’s total exports...

Forest Certification in Vietnam

Forest Certification in Vietnam

Forest Trends Information Brief No. 2

This article summarizes a March 2012 workshop held in Vietnam. According to Vietnam’s National Forest Development Strategy, by 2020, about 30% of Vietnam production forests – equivalent to around 1.8 million ha – is expected to meet criteria of sustainable forest management and to be qualified for...

How FLEGT and REDD+ can help address illegal logging

How FLEGT and REDD+ can help address illegal logging

A case from Vietnam

This story is about a low profile case involving household-based illegal logging. It describes actors involved in illegal logging practices and how these practices were linked to unclear property rights, unequal benefit distribution, collusion and corruption....

Forest Governance in Asia

Forest Governance in Asia

10 Years after the Bali Declaration

Kerstin Canby - Forest Trends - December 2011

This article takes stock of what happened since the Bali Declaration was signed ten years ago, in September 2001. The Bali Declaration concluded the East Asia Forest Law Enforcement and Governance (FLEG) Ministerial Conference. Although a non-legally binding document, the Bali Declaration...

Timber Trade Flow Maps of China and the Mekong Region

Timber Trade Flow Maps of China and the Mekong Region

This report provides a number of illustrated maps giving an overview of the timber trade flows in Cambodia, China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam and their respective trading partners. The maps provide information on the import and export in value as well as volume (RWE). In addition, there...

Lao PDR

Lao PDR

Overview of Forest Governance, Markets and Trade

Keith Barney, Kerstin Canby - York University, Forest Trends - August 2011

Over the past decade in Lao PDR, new regulations and policies related to logging and timber exports have aimed to conserve existing natural forests and promote a shift towards participatory, sustainable forest management. Still, the main challenge will be to implement these reforms effectively. In...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

Lao PDR

Lao PDR: Overview of Forest Governance, Markets and Trade (Lao)

Keith Barney, Kerstin Canby - York University, Forest Trends - August 2011
China

China

Overview of Forest Governance, Markets and Trade

Sun Xiufang, Kerstin Canby - Forest Trends - July 2011

In 2009, the Chinese wood products industry posted historic highs in terms of imports, production, and market activity. Trade data shows that 2009 imports of forest products were the highest on record, and domestic harvesting reached its highest peak in history in 2008. Domestic markets are...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

China

China: Overview of Forest Governance, Markets and Trade (Chinese)

Sun Xiufang, Kerstin Canby - Forest Trends - July 2011
Buyer, Regulator, and Enabler - The Government's Role in Ecosystem Services Markets

Buyer, Regulator, and Enabler - The Government's Role in Ecosystem Services Markets

International Lessons Learned for Payments for Ecological Services in the People's Republic of China

Sara J. Scherr, Michael T. Bennett - EcoAgriculture Partners, Forest Trends - July 2011

This paper discusses the public sector's role in PES internationally. In general, the public sector's role in ecosystem services markets is both critical, and evolving. The public sector roles are evolving in three distinct ways: 1) Government as buyer of ecosystem services (a strategy to...

Amendment to the U.S. Lacey Act

Amendment to the U.S. Lacey Act

Implications for Exporters of Thailand's Forest Products

R. Juge Gregg - March 2010

A new law gives the U.S. government the power to fine – and even jail – individuals and companies who deal in illegally harvested or trafficked wood products. The U.S. government can even use this law, called the Lacey Act, to impose significant penalties on individuals and companies who do not...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

Timber Markets and Trade between Laos and Vietnam

Timber Markets and Trade between Laos and Vietnam

A Commodity Chain Analysis of Vietnamese-Driven Timber Flows

- Forest Trends - January 2010

The Vietnamese wood manufacturing industry has expanded rapidly in recent years, becoming one of the largest furniture exporters in the world. With more than 2,000 wood processing and 450 wood export companies in Vietnam, about 4.5 million m3 of raw wood materials are imported each year from other...

Markets for Ecosystem Services in China

Markets for Ecosystem Services in China

An Exploration of China's "Eco-Compensation" and Other Market-Based Environmental Policies

Michael T. Bennett - June 2009

This report documents recent policy innovations for the conservation and management of ecosystem services in China. Policymakers have become increasingly interested in developing new approaches to address China’s multiplying conservation challenges and resource constraints in face of break-neck...

Adding Value

Adding Value

Can FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreements Lead to Increased Investment and Trade for Partner Countries?

Dominic Elson - April 2009

In May 2003, the European Union published its proposal for a Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Action Plan which sets out a range of measures that aim to tackle the global problem of illegal logging and associated trade, including financial and technical support to achieve...

Recent Developments in Forest Product Trade between Russia and China

Recent Developments in Forest Product Trade between Russia and China

Potential Production, Processing, Consumption and Trade Scenarios

Steven Northway , Gary Q. Bull, Anatoly Shvidenko, Luke Bailey - University of British Columbia, Forest Trends, University of British Columbia, Faculty of Forestry - March 2009

China has a very significant role in the global timber market and this has significant ramifications for forests, forest livelihoods and the structure of forest industries around the world. In this report we will focus on possible future trends in the forest products-processing, consumption and...

Amendment to the U.S. Lacey Act

Amendment to the U.S. Lacey Act

Implications for Malaysian Forest Products Exporters

R. Juge Gregg , Amelia Porges - Sidley Austin LLP - December 2008

Malaysia is one of the largest producers and suppliers of tropical hardwood and related products destined for the United States. In 2007, the United States imported almost 2.2 m3 RWE of timber products from Malaysia - mostly plywood and furniture - totaling USD$1.1 billion in value. Sabah and...

Linking FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreements to Jobs and Growth

Linking FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreements to Jobs and Growth

Potential Challenges and Benefits for Small and Medium Sized Forest Enterprises

Dominic Elson - DFID, Forest Trends - November 2008

This brief report discusses the potential impact of the European Commission's Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPAs) on the extent to which improved investment and business climates supported by VPA programs can support the small and medium forest enterprise (SMFE) sector. Recognizing the...

Amendment To The U.S. Lacey Act

Amendment To The U.S. Lacey Act

Implications for Exporters of Indonesian Forest Products

R. Juge Gregg, Amelia Porges - Sidley Austin LLP - October 2008

A new law gives the U.S. government the power to fine, and even jail, individuals and companies who traffic in illegally harvested wood products. The U.S. government can even use this law, called the Lacey Act, to impose significant penalties on individuals and companies who do not realize that...

Forest Products Trade Between China & Africa

Forest Products Trade Between China & Africa

An Analysis of Imports & Exports

Kerstin Canby, James Hewitt, Luke Bailey, Eugenia Katsigris, Xiufang Sun - Forest Trends - October 2008

Recent reports of China's efforts to secure access to natural resources in Africa suggest that timber has already become an important traded commodity between China and the African continent. Many hold a general impression that Africa exports a significant and growing amount of timber to China....

Amendment To The U.S. Lacey Act:

Amendment To The U.S. Lacey Act:

Implications For Vietnamese Forest Products Exporters

Juge Gregg, Amelia Porges - Sidley Austin LLP - September 2008

A new law gives the U.S. government the power to fine, and even jail, individuals and companies who traffic in illegally harvested wood products. The U.S. government can even use this law, called the Lacey Act, to impose significant penalties on individuals and companies who do not realize that...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

Amendment to the U.S. Lacey Act

Amendment to the U.S. Lacey Act

Implications for Chinese Forest Products Exporters

R. Juge Gregg, Amelia Porges - Sidley Austin LLP - August 2008

A recently passed law gives the U.S. government the power to fine, and even jail, individuals and companies who traffic in illegally harvested wood products. The U.S. government can even use this law, called the Lacey Act, to impose significant penalties on individuals and companies who do not...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

Chinese Version: Amendment to the U.S. Lacey Act

Chinese Version: Amendment to the U.S. Lacey Act: Implications for Chinese Forest Products Exporters

R. Juge Gregg, Amelia Porges - Sidley Austin LLP - November 2008
Investment in the Liberian Forest Sector

Investment in the Liberian Forest Sector

A Roadmap to Legal Forest Operations in Liberia (English and Chinese)

John Woods, Arthur G. Blundell, Robert Simpson - Forestry Development Authority of Liberia, UN Security Council Sanctions Committee on Liberia, U.S. Forest Service Office of International Programs, Forest Trends, UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office - February 2008

This briefing document explains why Liberia needed reforms that ensure that logging no longer contributes to conflict in this country and how logging will be conducted under the new law and regulations that govern the management of Liberia's forests....

China and East Asia Program

China and East Asia Program

Overview of China-East Asia Information Bulletin Series

This is an overview document of the China and East Asia Program's Information Bulletin Series, which provides summaries of all the Information Bulletins in one succinct document. Issues covered in the Bulletin are related to China and its trade in forest products with producer countries in the Asia...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

ISSUE 1: CHINA AND THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR FOREST PRODUCTS: SUMMARY

ISSUE 1: CHINA AND THE GLOBAL MARKET FOR FOREST PRODUCTS: SUMMARY: Available in Chinese only

A. White, X. Sun, K. Canby, J. Xu, C. Barr, E. Katsigris, G. Bull, C. Cossalter and S. Nilsson. Chinese translation by X. Sun - June 2006
ISSUE 2: ILLEGAL LOGGING BRIEFING PAPER

ISSUE 2: ILLEGAL LOGGING BRIEFING PAPER: Available in Chinese only

Chinese translation by X. Sun of a briefing paper by D. Brack - Chatham House UK - July 2006
ISSUE 5: HELPING LIBERIA ESCAPE CONFLICT TIMBER

ISSUE 5: HELPING LIBERIA ESCAPE CONFLICT TIMBER: English version

K. Canby. Chinese translation by X. Sun - October 2006
Forest Products Trade Between Russia & China

Forest Products Trade Between Russia & China

Potential Production, Processing, Consumption and Trade Scenarios

Steven Northway , Gary Q. Bull - University of British Columbia (UBC), Forest Trends, Rights & Resources Initiative (RRI) - July 2007

This synthesis report depicts future trends in forest products processing, consumption and trade between China and its main suppliers, with a particular focus on Siberia and the Russian Far East. It is based on the findings of the International Forest and Forest Products (IFFP) trade model analysis...

Environmental Aspects of China's Papermaking Fiber Supply

Environmental Aspects of China's Papermaking Fiber Supply

Brian Stafford - Brian Stafford & Associates Pty Ltd:, Forest Trends - July 2007

In recent years, China's expanding pulp and paper sector has become a major influence on the global forests and forest product markets. Since 1990, China has accounted for over 50 per cent the world's overall growth in paper and paperboard production. To meet growing domestic demand, the...

Russian Logs in China

Russian Logs in China

The Softwood Commodity Chain & Chinese Economic Development

Song Weiming, Cheng Baodong, Zhang Shengdong , Meng Xianggang - Forest Trends, DFID, SIDA, Beijing Forestry University, Rights and Resources Initiative - March 2007

This paper provides an overview of the commodity-chain process of Russian softwood logs once they enter China, focusing on softwood as the dominant forest products traded from Russia to China. The research then details the economic and social impacts of this trade on local Chinese economies and...

China and the Global Market for Forest Products

China and the Global Market for Forest Products

Transforming Trade to Benefit Forests and Livelihoods

Andy White, Xiufang Sun, Kerstin Canby, Jintao Xu, Christopher Barr, Eugenia Katsigris, Gary Bull, Christian Cossalter, Sten Nilsson - Forest Trends, Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy, CIFOR - March 2006

China's spectacular economic growth over the last decade is having a dramatic impact throughout the world. It has become a leading nation in terms of its demand for forest products, and its influence is being felt as far afield as Cameroon and Cambodia, Indonesia and the United States. China is...

Logging, Legality and Livelihoods in Papua New Guinea

Logging, Legality and Livelihoods in Papua New Guinea

Sythesis of Official Assessments of the Large-Scale Logging Industry Volume I

- Forest Trends - March 2006

Between 2000 and 2005, in response to a widely held view that forest management in Papua New Guinea was not providing long-term benefits to the country or its citizens, and to assess the implementation and effectiveness of the new governance regime introduced in the PNG Forestry Act of 1991, the...

Strengthening Forest Management in Indonesia through Land Tenure Reform

Strengthening Forest Management in Indonesia through Land Tenure Reform

Issues and Framework for Action

Dr. Arnoldo Contreras-Hermosilla , Chip Fay - Forest Trends, World Agroforestry Center, MFP, Rights & Resources, IHSA, Greenomics Indonesia, The World Bank, DFID, Ford Foundation - March 2006

In Indonesia, as in many developing countries, the government is struggling to improve the management of their dwindling forest resources. Despite government efforts, Indonesia still has large tracts of primary and secondary forest ecosystems that are under intense threat from both industry and...

Opportunities and Constraints to Investment

Opportunities and Constraints to Investment

Natural Tropical Forest Industries

Kerstin Canby , Cary Raditz - Forest Trends - January 2006

The global forest products industry represents close to 3% of the world's gross economic output, and the forests upon which it depends are particularly important ecosystems for the health of the planet and for human well-being. The size of the industry, its links to the rest-of-the-world economy,...

Logging, Legality and Livelihoods in Papua New Guinea

Logging, Legality and Livelihoods in Papua New Guinea

Synthesis of Official Assessments of the Large-Scale Logging Industry Volume II

- Forest Trends - January 2006

Between 2000 and 2005, in response to a widely held view that forest management in Papua New Guinea was not providing long-term benefits to the country or its citizens, and to assess the implementation and effectiveness of the new governance regime introduced in the PNG Forestry Act of 1991, the...

Beyond Timber

Beyond Timber

Certification of Non-Timber Forest Products

Patrica Shanley, Alan Pierce , Sarah Laird - Forest Trends, CIFOR, People and Plants International - July 2005

Non-timber forest products (NTFPs) are critical to rural livelihoods in both temperate and tropical areas. They provide communities with important subsistence resources like medicine, food and shelter, as well as a source of cash income. NTFPs are also part of large regional and international...

At the Supply Edge

At the Supply Edge

Thailand's Forest Policies, Plantation Sector, and Commodity Export Links with China

Keith Barney - York University, Forest Trends, CIFOR, YCAR, DFID, Asia Pro Eco Programme - May 2005

This study on Thailand’s forestry sector was commissioned by CIFOR and Forest Trends as part of a wider effort to address an information gap regarding Asia’s forestry and plantation forestry industries as well as regarding the emerging trade linkages between East and Southeast Asia. This report on...

Forest Product Exports from the Russian Far East and Eastern Siberia to China

Forest Product Exports from the Russian Far East and Eastern Siberia to China

Status and Trends

Anatoly Lebedev - Bureau for Regional Outreach Campaigns, Forest Trends, CIFOR, Pacific Institute of Geography, WWF, DFID - January 2005

Since 2001, China has been a top destination of Russian forest product exports to the Asia-Pacific region. The foreign economic and trade liberalization that began in Russia in the mid-1990s - combined with the high demand for timber imports into China due to the Chinese domestic logging ban...

Siberian and Russian Far East Timber for China

Siberian and Russian Far East Timber for China

Legal and Illegal Pathways, Players and Trends

Anatoly Lebedev - Bureau for Regional Outreach Campaigns, Forest Trends, CIFOR, DFID - January 2005

The preservation and sustainable use of Siberian and Russian Far East (RFE) forests is of global importance for a number of reasons. These forests, which are the traditional environments of many endangered species and indigenous tribes, are now supplying timber to nearby regions and countries that...

Central Plans and Global Exports

Central Plans and Global Exports

Tracking Vietnam's Forestry Commodity Chains and Export Links to China

Keith Barney - York University, Forest Trends, CIFOR, YCAR, DFID, Asia Pro Eco Programme - January 2005

After suffering forest cover declines of 185,000 ha per year from 1976 until 1990, Vietnam is attempting to stabilize deforestation trends, restructure the forest industry and the land tenure system, and move aggressively into fast-growing plantations. Reforestation of degraded forest land, natural...

A Brief Overview of China's Timber Market

A Brief Overview of China's Timber Market

Xiufang Sun, Liqun Wang, Zhenbin Gu - Forest Trends, School of Economics and Management at Beijing Forestry University, Chinese Center for Agricultural Policy, CIFOR, CEM, Beijing Forestry University - January 2005

China’s timber market has undergone dramatic changes in recent decades and continues to change rapidly. Currently, timber producers are allowed to market their timber directly to different buyers, although timber harvest and transport remain heavily regulated by the government. China’s primary...

Customs, Concessionaires and Conflict

Customs, Concessionaires and Conflict

Tracking Cambodia's Forestry Commodity Chains and Export Links to China

Keith Barney - YCAR, Forest Trends, CIFOR, DIFID, Asia Pro Eco Programme - January 2005

Cambodia has obviously experienced some difficulty in implementing an effective framework of sustainable forest management. Indeed, the Cambodian forest sector can be considered a paradigmatic example of the close links between vast resource wealth on the one hand, and structural conflict and rural...

An Overview of the Market Chain for China's Timber Product Imports from Myanmar

An Overview of the Market Chain for China's Timber Product Imports from Myanmar

Fredrich Kahrl, Horst Weyerhaeuser, and Su Yufang - World Agroforestry Centre, Forest Trends - January 2005

China's annual timber product imports from Myanmar more than tripled between 1997 and 2002. Although imports from Myanmar comprise just over two percent of China's total timber product imports, the nascent increase in logging activities along the Chinese border in Myanmar has been highly...

China's Forest Product Exports

China's Forest Product Exports

An Overview of Trends by Segment and Destinations

Xiufang Sun, Nian Cheng, Kerstin Canby - Forest Trends, Chinese Center for Agricultural Policy, Center for International Forestry Research - January 2005

In only 7 years, China's timber product exports have tripled in volume and increased fourfold in value. The total volume of all forest product exports - including both timber and pulp and paper products - is now one-third of China's total forest product import volume. The total volume of only...

Forestry in China

Forestry in China

Policy, Consumption, and Production in Forestry's Newest Superpower

Jintao Xu, Andy White, Gary Bull, Sten Nilsson, eds. - Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy, Forest Trends, University of British Columbia, IIASA - December 2004

China's forest market is one of the largest in the world in terms of production, consumption, and imports of wood products. Its large forest estate and massive population has meant that it has also for some time been a leading nation in terms of the number of processing plants, number of people...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

Understanding the Chinese Forest Market and Its Global Implications

Understanding the Chinese Forest Market and Its Global Implications

Jintao Xu , A. White - Chinese Agricultural Policy, Forest Trends - January 2004
The China Forest Products Trade

The China Forest Products Trade: Overview of Asia-Pacific Supplying Countries, Impacts and Implications

Eugenia Katsigris, Gary Bull, Andy White, Chris Barr, Keith Barney, Yati Bun, Timothy King, Alexey Lankin, Anatoly Lebedev, Phil Shearman, Alexander Sheingauz, Fredrich Kahrl, Yufang Su, Horst Weyerhaeuser - Forest Trends, University of British Columbia, Center for International Forestry Research, York University, Foundation for People and Community Development, Forest Information Systems, Far Eastern Ecoregional Project, Worldwide Fund for Nature, Bureau for Regional Oriental Campaigns, University of Papua New Guinea, Economic Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences - March 2007
China's Collective Forestlands

China's Collective Forestlands: Contributions and Constraints

Guangping Miao , R. Anders West - FEDRC, Forest Trends - January 2006
An Assessment of China's Forest Resources

An Assessment of China's Forest Resources

Gary Bull , Sten Nilsson - University of British Columbia, IIASA, Forest Trends - January 2004
China's Pulp and Paper Sector

China's Pulp and Paper Sector: An Analysis of Supply-Demand Trends and Medium-Term Projections

Dequan He , Chris Barr - China Economic Consulting, Inc, CIFOR, Forest Trends - January 2004
China's Development of a Plantation-based Wood Pulp Industry

China's Development of a Plantation-based Wood Pulp Industry: Government Policies, Financial Incentives, and Investment Trends

Chris Barr , Christian Cossalter - World Agroforestry Centre, CIFOR, Forest Trends - January 2004
China's Forest Sector Markets

China's Forest Sector Markets: Policy Issues and Recommendations

Sten Nilsson, Gary Bull, Andy White, Jintao Xu - IIASA, University of British Columbia, Forest Trends, CCAP - January 2004
Forest Governance in Federal Systems

Forest Governance in Federal Systems

An Overview of Experiences and Implications for Decentralization

Hans Gregersen, Arnoldo Contreras-Hermosilla, Andy White, Lauren Phillips - CGIAR, Forest Trends, United Nations Forum on Forests, CIFOR - April 2004

Internationally recognized problems such as illegal logging and uncontrolled deforestation, as well as the broader political trends, are driving many countries to reconsider centralized systems of decision-making and direct government implementation of forest programs. The paper assesses the...

China Softwood-Log Commodity Chain and Livelihood Analysis

China Softwood-Log Commodity Chain and Livelihood Analysis

From the Russian Far East to China

Alexander Sheingauz, Anatoly Lebedev , Natalia Ye Antonova - Economic Research Institutental Campaigns, Bureau for Regional Oriental Campaigns, Forest Trends, CIFOR, DFID - January 2004

China has rapidly become one of the world's largest importers of wood. The volumes of logs, sawn wood, wood panels, and pulp and paper products shipped to China by producer countries in Southeast Asia, the Russian Far East (RFE), Siberia and other regions have grown especially sharply since China...

Overview of the Forest Sector in the Russian Far East

Overview of the Forest Sector in the Russian Far East

Production, Industry and the Problem of Illegal Logging

Alexander Sheingauz - Economic Research Institute, Forest Trends, DFID, CIFOR - January 2004

Russia and China have been bound by long-standing ties since the middle of the 17th century, with mutual trade as an important aspect. It is natural that regions such as the Russian Far East (RFE) and Southeastern Siberia developed firm links with China, because they are the closest neighbors....

Navigating the Border

Navigating the Border

An Analysis of the China-Myanmar Timber Trade

Fredrich Kahrl, Horst Weyerhaeuser, Su Yufang - World Agroforestry Centre, Forest Trends - January 2004

In addition to socio-economic pressures, the combination of insufficient regulation in China and political instability in northern Myanmar has exacted a high ecological price. The uncertain regulatory and contractual environment has oriented the border logging industry toward short-term harvesting...

China's Impact on Papua New Guinea's Forestry Industry

China's Impact on Papua New Guinea's Forestry Industry

Yati Bun, Timothy King, Phil Shearman - Foundation for People and Community Development, Forest Information Services , University of Papua New Guinea Remote Sensing Centre, Forest Trends, CIFOR, DFID - January 2004

The harvesting and export of timber forms an important part of the Papua New Guinea national economy, and China is one of its most significant trading partners. China is the principal market for round logs from Papua New Guinea; it imported over one million cubic meters of logs from PNG in 2002....

Meeting China's Demand for Forest Products

Meeting China's Demand for Forest Products

An Overview of Import Trends, Ports of Entry, and Supplying Countries, with Emphasis on the Asia-Pacific Region

Xiufang Sun, Eugenia Katsigiris, and Andy White - Forest Trends - January 2004

This paper provides a brief overview of forest product import trends in both product segment and port of entry, as well as for each of the main Asia-Pacific producer countries supplying China. The paper first describes the overall import trends and then trends by product segment. It next addresses...

Dependent Documents Associated with this Publication

China's Forest Product Import Trends 1997-2002

China's Forest Product Import Trends 1997-2002

Analysis of Customs Data with Emphasis on Asia-Pacific Supplying Countries

Xiufang Sun, Nian Cheng, Andy White, R. Anders West , Eugenia Katsigiris - Forest Trends, Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy - January 2004

China plays a major, and growing, role in the global forest products market today. The largest importer of industrial roundwood in the world since 2001, China is now second only to the United States in total imports of forest products, rising from seventh in less than ten years. In recent years,...

Who Conserves the World's Forests? A New Assessment of Conservation and Investment Trends

Who Conserves the World's Forests? A New Assessment of Conservation and Investment Trends

Augusta Molnar, Sara J. Scherr, Arvind Khare - Forest Trends, Ecoagriculture Partners - 2004

The current system of protected areas continues to be severely under-funded while not including enough of the world's priority biodiversity and natural habitats. At the present coverage and quality of protection, biologists estimate that only 50-70% of the existing species will be conserved. It is...

Illegal Forest Activities in the Asia Pacific Rim

Illegal Forest Activities in the Asia Pacific Rim

Arnoldo Contreras Hermosilla - Forest Trends - September 2001

Illegal forest activities within the Asia Pacific countries have generated a host of negative impacts on the economy, the poor, and the quality of forest management. It is in the interest of all of the stakeholders - from local communities to national politicians to logging companies to...

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